13C NMR assignments of regenerated cellulose from solid-state 2D NMR spectroscopy

From the assignment of the solid-state 13C NMR signals in the C4 region, distinct types of crystalline cellulose, cellulose at crystalline surfaces, and disordered cellulose can be identified and quantified. For regenerated cellulose, complete 13C assignments of the other carbon regions have not previously been attainable, due to signal overlap. In this study, two-dimensional (2D) NMR correlation methods were used to resolve and assign 13C signals for all carbon atoms in regenerated cellulose. 13C-enriched bacterial nanocellulose was biosynthesized, dissolved, and coagulated as highly crystalline cellulose II. Specifically, four distinct 13 C signals were observed corresponding to conformationally different anhydroglucose units: two signals assigned to crystalline moieties and two signals assigned to non-crystalline species. The C1, C4 and C6 regions for cellulose II were fully examined by global spectral deconvolution, which yielded qualitative trends of the relative populations of the different cellulose moieties, as a function of wetting and drying treatments.

Alexander Idström, Staffan Schantz, Johan Sundberga, Bradley F. Chmelka, Paul Gatenholm and Lars Nordstiern
Carbohydrate Polymers
Volume: 151
Pages: 480–487
Date: May, 2016
ICB Affiliated Authors: Bradley F Chmelka