Optimal vaccination in a stochastic epidemic model of two non-interacting populations

Developing robust, quantitative methods to optimize resource allocations in response to epidemics has the potential to save lives and minimize health care costs. In this paper, we develop and apply a computationally efficient algorithm that enables us to calculate the complete probability distribution for the final epidemic size in a stochastic Susceptible-Infected-Recovered (SIR) model. Based on these results, we determine the optimal allocations of a limited quantity of vaccine between two non-interacting populations. We compare the stochastic solution to results obtained for the traditional, deterministic SIR model. For intermediate quantities of vaccine, the deterministic model is a poor estimate of the optimal strategy for the more realistic, stochastic case.

E. C. Yuan, D. K. Alderson, S. Stromberg, and J. M. Carlson
PLoS One
Volume: 10
Number: 2
Pages: e0115826
Date: February, 2015
ICB Affiliated Authors: Jean M Carlson