Self-Triggered and Event-Triggered Set-Valued Observers

This paper addresses the problem of reducing the required network load and computational power for the implementation of Set-Valued Observers (SVOs) in Networked Control System (NCS). Event- and self-triggered strategies for NCS, modeled as discrete-time Linear Parameter-Varying (LPV) systems, are studied by showing how the triggering condition can be selected. The methodology provided can be applied to determine when it is required to perform a full (“classical”) computation of the SVOs, while providing low-complexity state overbounds for the remaining time, at the expenses of temporarily reducing the estimation accuracy. As part of the procedure, an algorithm is provided to compute a suitable centrally symmetric polytope that allows to find hyper-parallelepiped and ellipsoidal overbounds to the exact set-valued state estimates calculated by the SVOs. By construction, the proposed triggering techniques do not influence the convergence of the SVOs, as at some subsequent time instants, set-valued estimates are computed using the conventional SVOs. Results are provided for the triggering frequency of the self-triggered strategy and two interesting cases: distributed systems when the dynamics of all nodes are equal up to a reordering of the matrix; and when the probability distribution of the parameters influencing the dynamics is known. The performance of the proposed algorithm is demonstrated in simulation by using a time-sensitive example.

Daniel Silvestre, Paulo Rosa, João P. Hespanha and Carlos Silvestre
Information Sciences
Volume: 426
Pages: 61-86
Date: February, 2018
ICB Affiliated Authors: João P Hespanha