Collective oscillation period of inter-coupled biological negative cyclic feedback oscillators
A number of biological rhythms originate from networks comprised of multiple cellular oscillators. But analytical results are still lacking on the collective oscillation period of intercoupled gene regulatory oscillators, which, as has been reported, may be different from that of an autonomous oscillator. Based on cyclic feedback oscillators, we analyze the collective oscillation pattern of coupled cellular oscillators. First we give a condition under which the oscillator network exhibits oscillatory and synchronized behavior. Then we estimate the collective oscillation period based on a novel multivariable harmonic balance technique. Analytical results are derived in terms of biochemical parameters, thus giving insight into the basic mechanism of biological oscillation and providing guidance in synthetic biology design.