Quantitative phosphoproteomics uncovers dysregulated kinase networks in Alzheimer’s disease
Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is a form of dementia characterized by amyloid-β plaques and Tau neurofibrillary tangles that progressively disrupt neural circuits in the brain. The signaling networks underlying the pathological changes in AD are poorly characterized at the level phosphoproteome. Using mass spectrometry, we performed a combined analysis of the tyrosine, serine, and threonine phosphoproteome, and proteome of temporal cortex tissue from AD patients and aged-matched controls. We identified several co-correlated peptide modules that were associated with varying levels of phospho-Tau, oligodendrocyte, astrocyte, microglia, and neuronal pathologies in AD patients. We observed phosphorylation sites on kinases targeting Tau as well as other novel signaling factors that were correlated with these peptide modules. Finally, we used a data-driven statistical modeling approach to identify individual peptides and co-correlated signaling networks that were predictive of AD histopathologies. Together, these results build a map of pathology-associated phosphorylation signaling events occurring in AD.